= Emerging. More than 5 years before clinical availability. (16.60%, 2024)
= Expected to be clinically available in 1 to 4 years. (37.02%, 2024)
= Clinically available now. (46.38%, 2024)
MSACL 2024 : Hoofnagle

MSACL 2024 Abstract

Self-Classified Topic Area(s): Proteomics > Proteomics

Podium Presentation in Steinbeck 3 on Thursday at 13:30 (Chair: Ruben Y. Luo / Stefani Thomas)

Quantification of Glucagon and Oxyntomodulin by Protein Precipitation-Immunoaffinity Enrichment-LC-MS/MS

Jessica O. Becker (1), Sara K. Shijo (1), Huu-Hien Huynh (1), Katherine L. Forrest (1), Michael J. MacCoss (1), David Jellyman (2), Michelle A. Emrick (1), Elisha Goonatilleke (1), Andrew N. Hoofnagle (1)
(1) University of Washington, (2) Fred Hutch Cancer Center

Andy Hoofnagle, MD, PhD (Presenter)
University of Washington

Presenter Bio: Dr. Hoofnagle's laboratory focuses on the precise quantification of recognized protein biomarkers in human plasma using LC-MRM/MS. In addition, they have worked to develop novel assays for the quantification of small molecules in clinical and research settings. His laboratory also studies the role that the systemic inflammation plays in the pathophysiology of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.


Glucagon and oxyntomodulin are peptide hormones differentially released from proglucagon and function in regulating blood glucose concentrations. Their overlapping amino acid sequences make the development of specific immunoassays difficult, but with adequate antibodies for immunoaffinity enrichment, the specificity of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry can be used to subsequently distinguish each peptide from one another. We aimed to develop a sensitive and specific mass spectrometric assay that uses non-proprietary reagents and normal-flow liquid chromatography in the simultaneous quantification of glucagon and oxyntomodulin.

Bulk plasma proteins were precipitated in ethanol/ammonium hydroxide. Glucagon, oxyntomodulin, and their isotope-labeled internal standards were then enriched from the reconstituted supernatant using non-proprietary monoclonal antibodies generated in-house and analyzed using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. A purified primary glucagon calibration material was sourced commercially and carefully characterized by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, HPLC-UV, and amino acid analysis. This primary glucagon calibrator and purified commercially available oxyntomodulin were used to generate a secondary single point calibration material for assay calibration.

Glucagon and oxyntomodulin, with this method and freely available monoclonal antibodies can be quantified down to about 1 pM in 200┬ÁL of plasma using a Waters Acquity HPLC and TQ-S mass spectrometer.

We have validated a method with a highly detailed, implementable SOP. We have characterized a reference material that could help maintain accuracy within our lab over time and could help other labs achieve between-assay and between-laboratory harmonization. Additionally, the monoclonal antibodies developed during this work are available to other labs for research use through the Iowa Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank.

Financial Disclosure

Board Memberno
ExpensesyesAssociate Editor for Clinical Chemistry (AACC/ADLM)
IP Royaltyno

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